Advanced Surgery Institute - Santa Rosa

Welcome to Advanced Surgery Institute online!

Advanced Surgery Institute (ASI) is a state-of-the-art ambulatory surgery center, where surgeons perform a broad range of out-patient surgical procedures. Specialties include General Surgery, Orthopedics, Otolaryngology (ENT), Pain Management, Plastic Surgery, and Podiatry.

Our center was designed to provide patients with a more efficient and less stressful environment by offering a safe, convenient, high quality alternative to inpatient hospitalization. Advanced Surgery Institute is fully licensed by the State of California and the Federal Medicare program. We are very proud to be accredited by The Joint Commission, a national organization committed to promoting high quality ambulatory healthcare.

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What is hyperprolactinemia, symptoms and treatments

As an ambulatory surgery center, we try not only to handle the complication, but also help you avoid getting complicated surgery altogether by way of educating you on the subject of various underreported illnesses. Today, we talk about hyperprolactinaemia.

Hyperprolactinemia (also called hyperprolactinaemia) is an illness characterized by the presence of above-average levels of prolactin (luteotropin) in the blood. The core purpose of luteotropin is stimulating breast milk production after childbirth, that means that above-average luteotropin levels are perfectly normal during the pregnancy. This hormone also affects estrogen and testosterone in both males and females.

We are going to split the symptoms into three categories for your convenience.

Symptoms in females:

  • Oligomenorrhoea (infrequent menstruation) and amenorrhea (absence of menstruation);
  • Galactorrhoea (milky discharge from the breasts, unassociated with pregnancy and breastfeeding);
  • Vaginal dryness;
  • Excessive body hair.

Symptoms in males:Dostinex

  • Erectile dysfunction;
  • Poor growth of body/facial hair;
  • Enlarged breasts.

Symptoms in both sexes:

  • Infertility;
  • Lowered libido;
  • Panhypopituitarism;
  • Headaches;
  • Osteopenia.

The main causes include:

  • Taking meds that increase luteotropin levels (including calcium channel antagonists, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and antipsychotics);
  • Underactive thyroid;
  • Chest injuries;
  • Kidney and liver issues;
  • Other illnesses and/or tumors.

Hyperprolactinaemia is usually diagnosed via blood test and MRI. There are several complications that can happen if hyperprolactinaemia is left undiagnosed and untreated, including complete loss of vision, severe hormone deficiency, and complications of pregnancy.

With all of that information in mind, let’s go over most common hyperprolactinaemia treatment methods:

  1. Pharmaceuticals such as Dostinex work well in most cases, they help normalize the luteotropin production.
  2. Surgical removal of the tumor in case medication therapy proved to be ineffective.
  3. Radiation is used to shrink the tumor in case surgical removal wasn’t effective.

How to treat breast cancer

Our Advanced Surgery Institute doesn’t just focus on the surgery itself. We think it is vital to raise awareness. Today, we are going to briefly talk about breast cancer, the 2nd most prevalent cause of cancer death in females.

Quick information regarding breast cancer (more details below):

  1. It’s the most common kind of cancer in females;
  2. There exist various noticeable symptoms;
  3. A multitude of treatments options are available;
  4. There exist two distinct kinds of breast cancer: lobular neoplasia and ductal carcinoma;
  5. This type of cancer may be diagnosed via breast exam, biopsy, and radiology tests;
  6. There exist numerous breast lumps which aren’t cancerous, but if you have one, you must see a specialist immediately.

Core symptoms include:

  • Increased density of the tissue in breasts or a whole lump;
  • Painful sensations in the armpit area;
  • Redness in the breasts area;
  • Nipple rash;
  • Bloody discharge from nipples;
  • Inverted nipples;
  • Various changes to size, pigmentation or shape of the breasts.

There are five overall stages of this kind of cancer, namely Stage 0 and Stage 4 in which cancer spreads to various other internal organs, including the lungs, liver, and brain.

Risk factors for this kind of cancer:

  1. If a relative has or had this type of cancer, the risk is marginally higher.
  2. After reaching the age of 70, the chance of developing this cancer is at 3.85%.
  3. Density of the breast tissue. Higher the density, bigger the risk.
  4. Being overweight means higher estrogen levels, higher estrogen levels mean a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
  5. Liquor intake. Studies show that drinking more than 2 standard drinks per day increases the risk of getting breast cancer by 1.7.

There are several treatment options available based on the type/stage of cancer. The most common kinds of breast cancer treatment are the following:

  • Surgery, including mastectomy, lumpectomy, and various others.
  • Radiotherapy.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Hormonal therapy. Only for ER+ and PR+ cancers, examples include Nolvadex, various Estrogen synthase inhibitors, and Zoladex.

Sexual Dysfunction After Surgery Is More Common Than You Think

Sildenafil for womanOur job, as an ambulatory surgery center, is not only making sure that the surgery goes smoothly. We care about patients; we care about them deeply – that’s why we feel that is our job to mention this particular serious risk. Don’t worry, it’s entirely treatable, but it is still a risk.

Recent data shows that acquired sexual dysfunction in both males and females is more common than you were led to believe. One of the reasons for female sexual dysfunction might be vaginal surgery or a pelvic surgery. For male patients, the situation is somewhat different – they also may encounter issues after a pelvic surgery, but there’s also a possibility of acquiring SD after a prostate surgery.

We have decided to address this issue, this risk because we don’t see it mentioned anywhere else all that often. As we mentioned before, our patients’ well-being is one number one priority, so we are making sure you are properly informed when it comes to all the possible complications, no matter how unlikely they are.

Once again, we would like to reiterate – acquired (post-surgery) sexual dysfunction is 100% treatable. In our opinion, the easiest way of treating these types of sexual issues is medication. Many people are aware of anti-ED medications for males, but not many people know that you can also purchase Sildenafil for woman.

Any female Viagra name, be it Lady Era or brand-name version, is equally effective, judging by our experience. It has everything to do with the way this drug works by directing the increased level of blood flow to the erogenic zones and blocking out enzymes that prevent lubrication. The male version of the drug is, of course, slightly different – it helps your body pump enough blood to the penis to respond to sexual cues in the right way. There are some other ways of treating sexual dysfunction, but they are not as effective – natural cures, self-injections, hormone replacement therapy, among many others.

It’s our job to not only make sure that you’re aware of potential risks, but also make sure you know the solution to this problem.