How to treat breast cancer

Our Advanced Surgery Institute doesn’t just focus on the surgery itself. We think it is vital to raise awareness. Today, we are going to briefly talk about breast cancer, the 2nd most prevalent cause of cancer death in females.

Quick information regarding breast cancer (more details below):

  1. It’s the most common kind of cancer in females;
  2. There exist various noticeable symptoms;
  3. A multitude of treatments options are available;
  4. There exist two distinct kinds of breast cancer: lobular neoplasia and ductal carcinoma;
  5. This type of cancer may be diagnosed via breast exam, biopsy, and radiology tests;
  6. There exist numerous breast lumps which aren’t cancerous, but if you have one, you must see a specialist immediately.

Core symptoms include:

  • Increased density of the tissue in breasts or a whole lump;
  • Painful sensations in the armpit area;
  • Redness in the breasts area;
  • Nipple rash;
  • Bloody discharge from nipples;
  • Inverted nipples;
  • Various changes to size, pigmentation or shape of the breasts.

There are five overall stages of this kind of cancer, namely Stage 0 and Stage 4 in which cancer spreads to various other internal organs, including the lungs, liver, and brain.

Risk factors for this kind of cancer:

  1. If a relative has or had this type of cancer, the risk is marginally higher.
  2. After reaching the age of 70, the chance of developing this cancer is at 3.85%.
  3. Density of the breast tissue. Higher the density, bigger the risk.
  4. Being overweight means higher estrogen levels, higher estrogen levels mean a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
  5. Liquor intake. Studies show that drinking more than 2 standard drinks per day increases the risk of getting breast cancer by 1.7.

There are several treatment options available based on the type/stage of cancer. The most common kinds of breast cancer treatment are the following:

  • Surgery, including mastectomy, lumpectomy, and various others.
  • Radiotherapy.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Hormonal therapy. Only for ER+ and PR+ cancers, examples include Nolvadex, various Estrogen synthase inhibitors, and Zoladex.